The Role of the Government and Communication in Combating Human Trafficking
The data which were published by International Organization for Migration (IOM) and Anti-trafficking Non Governmental Organization estimated 43%-50% or about 3 to 4,5 million Indonesian labors became victims of human trading. IOM and Indonesian Government have identified 3.840 “trafficking” victims after they were back home. 90% of them were female and 56% among them had been exploited for domestic work as house keepers. IOM’s data in 2010 also shows about 82% labors were traded abroad and 18% inside this country. Unicef estimated 100 thousand women and children were traded every year for sexually exploited, and 30% female prostitutes in Indonesia were in the age under 18. About 40 – 70 thousand children were victims of sexual exploitation.
Many efforts had been done by the government. NGOs, and international bodies to find real solutions. The government of Indonesia through the Ministry of Women Empowerment and Children Protection collaborated with IOM, UNFPA, WHO and Indonesian Police Department launched a program called EMPOWER to enforce government capacity in protecting and empowering victims of human trafficking.
Another activity was a workshop on Criminal Problem Mapping in Human Trafficking through education. This workshop was conducted at the Center of Gender Research and Development, Division of Research and Social Service Universitas Padjadjaran recently. This workshop revealed that 99% victims were female. Data from National Project Coordinator Labor Counter Trafficking IOM Indonesia showed, most of the cases happened in West Java region. With the small scale of the activities and many unknown cases, it is difficult to solve this human trafficking problem in Indonesia.
Based on the background mentioned above, the Faculty of Communication Sciences Universitas Padjadajaran in collaboration with Monash University Australia and the Regional Government Office of West Java will hold an occasion in a form of International Symposium of human trafficking. The main theme will be Combating Human Trafficking.
The objectives of the International Symposium are:
- Building public awareness in combating human trafficking
- Publishing comprehensive understanding to public about combating human trafficking
- Encountering academics, practitioners, authorities, media practitioners, and relevant stakeholders to formulate strategy in combating human trafficking
- Building commitment among the authorities and relevant stakeholders in combating human trafficking.